Deciding to try for a family can feel somewhat overwhelming for members of the LGBTQ community. Navigating physiological, financial, legal, ethical and social issues combined with the search for a donor and/or surrogate can be all-consuming.
Children born to LGBTQ parents are much-wanted - and recipient whanau are grateful for the generosity of donors and surrogates who have made it possible for them to become parents.
Funding for donor conception and surrogacy
There is government funding available for donor conception, with the main criteria being that the recipient(s) are diagnosed as infertile. Wait lists are held by the clinics holding contracts for fertility treatment from District Health Boards, and are typically 14-16 months for IVF treatment.
Donor Sperm treatment is funded for couples where the man has no sperm or very poor quality sperm, and for single women and lesbian couples who have not become pregnant after at least 12 cycles of privately funded donor insemination, of which 6 cycles must have been conducted in a fertility clinic.
Donor Egg treatment is funded for couples where the woman has no eggs or infertility plus a very low response to ovarian stimulation for IVF.
Surrogacy is funded where the woman does not have a uterus, the chance of pregnancy is very low using her own uterus, or carrying a pregnancy would be unsafe for her health.
Access to publicly funded treatment for single men and gay couples and for transgender people has not been specifically defined to the same level, but follows the same principles as for others - which is a biological cause of infertility, sufficient points on the fertility clinic priority access criteria (CPAC), and the simplest treatment which can give a good chance of a child.